Faculty and Staff Workplace Accommodations
Faculty and staff who are requesting services from Disability Support Services (DSS) at Johns Hopkins University are required to submit documentation under the Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments (ADAAA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. Individuals with disabilities are protected from discrimination and may be entitled to reasonable accommodations and the right to equal access to programs and services.
What is a reasonable employee accommodation?
A reasonable accommodation is a modification or change in the workplace or the way things are customarily done that provides an equal employment opportunity to an individual with a disability. Examples of reasonable accommodations include, but are not limited to: acquiring or modifying adaptive equipment, job restructuring, modified work schedules, providing interpreters, removing readily achievable physical barriers, and providing paid or unpaid leave.
General Documentation Guidelines
This policy addresses who is eligible to receive accommodations, the process by which employees can request accommodations, and the expectations of supervisors and managers in engaging in the interactive process to determine what accommodations are appropriate.
All qualified employees with disabilities, including regular, full-time, part-time, temporary, casual or limited employees, are eligible to request workplace accommodations. An employee is considered to have a disability under this policy if he or she has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activity, or if he or she has a record of such impairment.
Major life activities include, but are not limited to, caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, seeing, hearing, eating, sleeping, walking, standing, lifting, bending, speaking, breathing, learning, reading, concentrating, thinking, communicating and working.
An employee is considered qualified if he or she has the requisite skills, experience and education to perform the job, and is able to perform the essential functions of the job with or without accommodation.
II. The Interactive Process
The interactive process of determining what accommodations are reasonable and appropriate for an employee with a disability is done on a case-by-case basis and involves the employee, the supervisor/manager, Human Resources, the Office of Institutional Equity (OIE), and, as needed, Occupational Health Services (OHS), the Faculty and Staff Assistance Program (FASAP) and the Department of Health, Safety and the Environment (HSE).
A. Making a Request
An employee is generally responsible for indicating his or her need for accommodation. To initiate the process, the employee may submit an Accommodation Request Form to OIE. If an employee makes a request for accommodation to someone other than OIE staff, such as a supervisor, manager or Human Resources professional, these individuals should forward the request to the Disability Services unit in the Office of Institutional Equity.
B. Documentation Requirements
The employee is responsible for requesting a workplace accommodation. The employee must submit the following documents:
- A request for the reasonable workplace accommodation form
- A letter from the doctor that indicates:
- The condition and its duration (i.e. anticipated RTW date)
- The limitations caused by the condition and how those limitations impact the employee’s performance of the essential functions of the job;
- The accommodation(s) the employee and/or the employee’s doctor/medical professional believe will enable the employee to perform the essential functions of the job.
- A treating professional is asked to complete a medical form in addition to a written letter that addresses the bullet points above.
- A letter from the doctor that indicates:
- A job description identifying the essential functions of the job. This information may be obtained from the employee’s supervisor or Human Resources.
When an employee's disability and/or his or her need for the accommodation are not readily apparent, the Office of Institutional Equity may request documentation of the condition and information on why the accommodation is necessary from an appropriate medical or mental health provider. If the initial documentation provided by the health professional is not sufficient, OIE will inform the employee and explain what additional information is needed. The employee is then responsible for obtaining the missing information from the health care provider.
The Office of Institutional Equity will then engage in a dialogue with the employee about the specific ways the condition affects job performance and the reasonable accommodations that can be provided. Extensive dialogue may not be necessary when the existence of the disability and the need for the accommodation are obvious, and the supervisor and employee agree on the most effective reasonable accommodation.
Except as required by law, diagnosis information and disability documentation is not shared with the employee's supervisor or manager. Documentation is maintained securely in the Office of Institutional Equity and does not become part of the employee's personnel file. Documentation may be shared with appropriate individuals at OHS or FASAP for assistance in interpreting the documentation.
C. The Interactive Process
After receiving sufficient documentation, OIE will contact the supervisor/manager and the appropriate Human Resources representative to explore whether the requested accommodation is reasonable. An accommodation is not considered reasonable if it would create an undue hardship for the University. Examples of accommodations that pose an undue hardship include, but are not limited to, accommodations that are unduly costly, extensive or would alter or remove an essential function of the employee's job. The determination of whether a requested accommodation is an undue hardship is a fact-specific inquiry that must be made on a case-by-case basis.
In the event that the requested accommodation is found to be unreasonable, the parties are expected to work together to determine what, if any, alternative accommodations may meet the employee's needs.
After the parties have agreed on what accommodations are reasonable, OIE will provide an Accommodation Agreement Form for the parties to sign that documents the approved accommodations.
Both the employee and the supervisor/manager may request a review of the accommodations at any time. An employee's receipt or denial of an accommodation does not prevent him or her from making another request at a later date if his or her needs change. Similarly, supervisors and managers may request a review of the approved accommodations if they believe that the business needs of the department currently make them unreasonable. The parties may contact the Disability Services unit in the Office of Institutional Equity to arrange a review of the accommodations.
III. Accommodation Requests in the Pre-Hire Process
People with disabilities applying for positions at the University may request any accommodations they require to have an equal opportunity to participate in the pre-hire process. Applicants who require an accommodation should contact the appropriate divisional office as noted on the job posting to make their request. Supervisors, Managers and Human Resources staff may contact the Office of Institutional Equity if they are unsure whether or not an accommodation requested during the pre-hire process is reasonable or if they require resources on how to fulfill the applicant's request.
IV. Appeal Process
If an employee makes a request that he or she believes is reasonable and it is denied, or if an employee's approved accommodations are not implemented, the employee, may contact the Equity Compliance and Education unit of the Office of Institutional Equity to file a complaint.
Questions regarding this policy should be referred to the ADA Compliance Unit in the Office of Institutional Equity at (410) 516-8075.